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We obtained data on 58 California sheriff's departments.

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Sheriff's Department Sonoma County
31% SCORE

Scorecard at a Glance

Average for 4 Sections: 31%

Scores range from 0-100% comparing counties with 100-250k population. Counties with higher scores spend less on policing, use less force, are more likely to hold officers accountable and make fewer arrests for low-level offenses.

Worse
50th Percentile
Better
Police Funding:  36%
Police Budget Cost per Person        
Misconduct Settlements        
Fines/Forfeitures        
Police Presence/Over-Policing (Officers per Population)        
Police Violence:  27%
Force Used per Arrest        
Deadly Force per Arrest        
Unarmed Victims of Deadly Force per Arrest        
Racial Disparities in Deadly Force        
Worse
50th Percentile
Better
Police Accountability:  7%
Misconduct Complaints Upheld        
Excessive Force Complaints Upheld        
Discrimination Complaints Upheld        
Criminal Misconduct Complaints Upheld        
Approach to Law Enforcement:  55%
Arrest Rate for Low Level Offenses        
Homicides Solved        
Racial Disparities in Drug Arrests        
Jail Incarceration Rate        
Jail Deaths per 1,000        

Key Findings

Police Funding i

36% +10%

Police Funding By Year

$73.73M  |  $395 per Resident

More Police Funding per Capita than 82% of Depts

Funds taken from communities in fines and forfeitures

Total: $82.98M from 2010-19

Number of officers per 1k population

223 Officers  |  12.1 per 10k Residents

More Officers per Population than 37% of Depts

Police violence i

27% -19%

Police Use of Force By Year

:

More Police Shootings per Arrest than 46% of Depts

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Less-Lethal Force

Used More Force per Arrest than 71% of Depts

464 Incidents  |  137 every 10k arrests

^  Includes batons, strangleholds, tasers & other police weapons   

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Deadly Force

8 Killings by Police from 2013-20  |  2.4 every 10k arrests

^  More Killings by Police per Arrest than 79% of Depts   

Police Shootings Where Police Did Not Try Non-Deadly Force Before Shooting

80% of Shootings from 2016-20 (4/5)

How Often Police Said a Person had a Gun but No Gun was Found

100% of Guns "Perceived" were Never Found (3/3)

Deadly Force by Armed Status

38% Unarmed  |  75% Did Not Allegedly Have a Gun

Unarmed Other Alleged Gun Vehicle
38%
37%
25%

^  More Unarmed People Killed per Arrest than 93% of Depts   

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Police Violence by Race

Black Latinx N.Am API Other White

Population of Jurisdiction

26%
63%

Police Department Demographics

People Arrested

20%
59%

People Killed

25%
50%
25%

^  More Racial Disparities in Deadly Force than 52% of Depts   

Police Accountability i

7% +4%

Total civilian complaints

193 from 2016-20  |  4% Ruled in Favor of Civilians

 

Use of Force Complaints

35 Reported  |  3% Ruled in Favor of Civilians

 

Complaints of Misconduct in Jail

54 Reported  |  7% Ruled in Favor of Civilians

 

Complaints of Police Discrimination

11 Reported  |  9% Ruled in Favor of Civilians

 

Alleged Crimes Committed by Police

0 Complaints Reported

 

Approach to Law Enforcement i

55% +6%

Arrests By Year

31,629 Arrests Reported from 2013-19

More Info

Arrests for Low Level Offenses

17,860 Arrests  |  14 per 1k residents

^  Higher Arrest Rate for Low Level Offenses than 49% of Depts   

Percent of total arrests by type

All Arrests for Low Level Offenses ( 56% )

Drug Possession ( 24% )

Violent Crime ( 10% )

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Homicides Unsolved

27 Homicides from 2013-19  |  5 Unsolved

^  Solved Fewer Homicides than 61% of Depts   

Percent of Homicides Unsolved by Race

Homicides of Latinx Victims Unsolved ( 43% )

Homicides of White Victims Unsolved ( 32% )

Deaths in Jail

10 Deaths from 2013-19  |  9 per 1k Jail Population

Homicide Suicide Other Investigating

10%
20%
70%

^ Higher Rate of Jail Deaths than 27% of Depts   

Jail Incarceration rate

1,111 Avg Daily Jail Population  |  6 per 1k residents

^  More than 52% of Sheriff's Depts  

People in Jail Without Being Convicted

54 % of People in Jail

California Sheriff's Department Scores

Rankings are based upon a 0 to 100 percentage scale. Departments with higher scores use less force, make fewer arrests for low level offenses, solve murder cases more often, hold officers more accountable and spend less on policing overall.

Overall Scores for Depts where We Have Obtained the Most Data.

Grade Scale Tap "show more" to see extended list

* An asterisk indicates this location did not publish enough data to evaluate. Click below to add data to the Scorecard.

About This Scorecard

This is the first nationwide evaluation of policing in the United States. It was built using data from state and federal databases, public records requests to local police departments, and media reports. While police data is never perfect, and there are additional indicators that still need to be tracked, the Police Scorecard is designed to provide insight into many important issues in policing.

methodology Source Data

 

Use this Scorecard to identify issues within police departments that require the most urgent interventions and hold officials accountable for implementing solutions. For example, cities with higher rates of low level arrests could benefit most from solutions that create alternatives to policing and arrest for these offenses. In cities where police make fewer arrests overall but use more force when making arrests, communities could benefit significantly from policies designed to hold police accountable for excessive force. And cities where complaints of police misconduct are rarely ruled in favor of civilians could benefit from creating an oversight structure to independently investigate these complaints.

 

Here's how to start pushing for change

  • Contact Your County Sheriff, share your scorecard with them and urge them to enact policies to address the issues you've identified:
    Advocacy Tip:  This state has a Police Bill of Rights law. These laws make it harder to hold police accountable. Call state legislators and tell them to repeal this law.
  • Look up your state and federal representatives below, then tell them to take action to hold police accountable in your community.

 

If you have feedback, questions about the project, or need support with an advocacy campaign, contact our Project Lead, Samuel Sinyangwe.