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We obtained data on 197 Police and 62 Sheriff’s Depts in the state of Colorado.

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Scorecard at a Glance

Average for 4 Sections: 32%

Scores range from 0-100% comparing states with data from both state and local law enforcement agencies within the population. States with higher scores spend less on policing, use less force, are more likely to hold officers accountable and make fewer arrests for low-level offenses.

Worse
50th Percentile
Better
Police Funding:  32%
Police Budget Cost per Person        
Misconduct Settlements        
Fines/Forfeitures        
Police Presence/Over-Policing (Officers per Population)        
Police Violence:  38%
Force Used per Arrest        
Deadly Force per Arrest        
Unarmed Victims of Deadly Force per Arrest        
Racial Disparities in Deadly Force        
Worse
50th Percentile
Better
Police Accountability:  16%
Misconduct Complaints Upheld        
Excessive Force Complaints Upheld        
Discrimination Complaints Upheld        
Criminal Misconduct Complaints Upheld        
Approach to Law Enforcement:  43%
Arrest Rate for Low Level Offenses        
Homicides Solved        
Racial Disparities in Drug Arrests        
Jail Incarceration Rate        
Jail Deaths per 1,000        

Key Findings

Police Funding i

32% -2%

Police Funding By Year

$2.32B  |  5,531,141 Residents  |  $419 per Resident

More Police Funding per Capita than 75% of States

Funds taken from communities in fines and forfeitures

Total: $3.87B from 2010-20

More Fines/Forfeitures than 21% of States

Number of officers per 1k population

12,416 Officers  |  22.9 per 10k Residents

More Officers per Population than 67% of States

Police violence i

38% -17%

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Less-Lethal Force

Used More Force per Arrest than N/A of States

2,899 Incidents  |  18 every 10k arrests  |  +23%

No Data Found Add Data

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Deadly Force

355 Killings by Police from 2013-21  |  1.9 every 10k arrests

^  More Killings by Police per Arrest than 70% of States   

Deadly Force by Armed Status

8% Unarmed  |  39% Did Not Allegedly Have a Gun

Unarmed Other Alleged Gun Vehicle
8%
25%
61%
6%

^  More Unarmed People Killed per Arrest than 47% of States   

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Police Violence by Race

Black Latinx N.Am API Other White

Population of Colorado

21%
68%

Colorado Law Enforcement Demographics

12%
11%
71%

People Arrested

13%
25%
59%

People Killed

18%
28%
5%
45%

^  More Racial Disparities in Deadly Force than 78% of States   

Police Accountability i

16% +21%

Total civilian complaints

2,975 from 2016-21  |  12% Ruled in Favor of Civilians

 

Complaints Not Sustained Complaints Sustained

Use of Force Complaints

106 Reported  |  3% Ruled in Favor of Civilians

Complaints of Police Discrimination

46 Reported  |  0% Ruled in Favor of Civilians

 

Complaints Reported Ruled in Favor of Civilians

Alleged Crimes Committed by Police

32 Reported  |  6% Ruled in Favor of Civilians

 

Complaints Reported Ruled in Favor of Civilians

Approach to Law Enforcement i

43% +10%

Arrests By Year

1,875,707 Arrests Reported from 2013-2021

Low Level Arrests Other Arrests

More Info

Arrests for Low Level Offenses

1,340,538 Arrests  |  30 per 1k residents

^  Higher Arrest Rate for Low Level Offenses than 82% of States   

Disparities in Arrests for Low Level Offenses by Race/Ethnicity

Black people were 3x more likely and Latinx people were 1.3x more likely to be arrested for low level, non-violent offenses than a white person.

Black Latinx White

Percent of total arrests by type

All Arrests for Low Level Offenses ( 71% )

Drug Possession ( 6% )

Violent Crime ( 3% )

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Homicides Unsolved

1,985 Homicides from 2013-21  |  659 Unsolved

^  Solved Fewer Homicides than 69% of States   

Percent of Homicides Unsolved by Race

Homicides of Black Victims Unsolved ( 18% )

Homicides of Latinx Victims Unsolved ( 16% )

Homicides of White Victims Unsolved ( 9% )

Deaths in Jail

174 Deaths from 2013-19  |  13 per 1k Jail Population

Homicide Suicide Other Investigating

100%

^ Higher Rate of Jail Deaths than 82% of States   

Jail Incarceration rate

13,811 Avg Daily Jail Population  |  2 per 1k residents

^  More than 50% of Sheriff's Depts  

People in Jail Without Being Convicted

60 % of People in Jail

Colorado Statewide Scores

Rankings are based upon a 0 to 100 percentage scale. States with higher scores use less force, make fewer arrests for low level offenses, solve murder cases more often, hold officers more accountable and spend less on policing overall.

Overall Scores for States where We Have Obtained the Most Data.

Grade Scale Tap "show more" to see extended list

Statewide Score 5YR
22. Boulder County 35% +1%
21. Westminster 36%
20. Pueblo 37% -4%
19. Lakewood 38% -11%
18. Jefferson County 38% -6%
17. Arapahoe County 38% -3%
16. Mesa County 38% -12%
15. Adams County 40% -8%
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Statewide Score 5YR
* Pagosa Springs 45% -1%
* Platteville 45%
* Florence 45% +3%
* Steamboat Springs 45% +2%
* Estes Park 45% +1%
* Derby 45%
* Delta 45% -4%
* Craig 45% +1%
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+5%
+2%
+10%
-4%
-11%
+2%

* An asterisk indicates this location did not publish enough data to evaluate. Click below to add data to the Scorecard.

About This Scorecard

This is the first nationwide evaluation of policing in the United States. It was built using data from state and federal databases, public records requests to local police departments, and media reports. While police data is never perfect, and there are additional indicators that still need to be tracked, the Police Scorecard is designed to provide insight into many important issues in policing.

 

Police Scorecard is an independent 501(c)(3) organization, learn more about our team here. If you have feedback, questions about the project, or need support with an advocacy campaign, contact our Founder, Samuel Sinyangwe.

methodology Source Data

 

Use this Scorecard to identify issues within police departments that require the most urgent interventions and hold officials accountable for implementing solutions. For example, cities with higher rates of low level arrests could benefit most from solutions that create alternatives to policing and arrest for these offenses. In cities where police make fewer arrests overall but use more force when making arrests, communities could benefit significantly from policies designed to hold police accountable for excessive force. And cities where complaints of police misconduct are rarely ruled in favor of civilians could benefit from creating an oversight structure to independently investigate these complaints.

 

Here's how to start pushing for change

  • Contact your State's Governor and Attorney General, share your scorecard with them and urge them to enact policies to address the issues you've identified:
    • CO State Attorney General Phil Weiser
  • Look up your state and federal representatives below, then tell them to take action to hold police accountable in your community.